Chelsea buns are quite similar to sticky buns, cinnamon rolls or cinnamon buns (in the U.S and Sweden), with the addition of sultanas in it’s cinnamony center. The consistency of the South African chelsea bun also differs from cinnamon buns. It is not pastry like but rather more like soft bread rolls and less moist. In my childhood they were often sold at Tearooms along with pink Durban Snowballs, cream buns and long fresh cream doughnuts.
This recipe is based on a combination of Amma’s soft roll recipe and her donut recipe. I have used yeast and an egg to achieve the soft texture-and instead of mixing the butter and flour (as in the case with pastry) I have separated the dry ingredients then combined the butter, milk and egg., a lesson well learned from yesterday’s Romany Creams recipe.
This recipe consists of 2 steps, first to make the dough then the sugary glaze. Since the Chelsea buns have a sweet sugar topping it is best to keep the sugar content in the dough to a minimum of one teaspoon. The main reason for using any sugar at all is that it is needed to help activate the yeast.
Apart from trying out this new Chelsea Buns recipe- I am also trying out ‘fantastic plastic’ kitchen tools…a scale, a larger mixing bowl and a measuring cup. Though Amma’s recipes were often made using ‘per cup’ measurements with ordinary cups I have opted to now use metric measurements for all future recipes. This Chelsea Buns recipe yields 8 medium sized Chelsea Buns (6-7cm diameter).
For the buns you will need:
- Strong Flour (Plain Flour, All Purpose, Bread Flour)
- flour for dusting
- teaspoon sugar
- dry yeast
- warm milk
- ground cinnamon
- sultanas or fruit mix
- melted butter
- honey or apricot jam
- icing sugar
- tablespoons water
How to Make Chelsea Buns
1. Combine the ingredients to form a soft dough.
NOTE: The milk should be warm not hot or else it will coagulate the egg.
NOTE: The dough will be a little sticky. Remove from the mixing bowl. Dust your work surface with flour then mix knead the dough until it is less sticky. Don’t add too much flour or knead for too long. Stop once the dough is less sticky.
Set aside for an hour until the dough doubles in size. Roll flat and fill with cinnamon and sultanas.
Roll into a log then slice. Place in a baking dish until the dough doubles. Bake.
7. Preheat the oven 180 degrees Celsius.
8. Place the dough on a lightly floured surface.Roll out into a square shape.
NOTE: Careful not to roll too thin. This was the mistake I made. As a result the line of the roll looks less defined. Be sure to roll to a minimum of 2cm thick.
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Apply honey or apricot jam as soon as the buns are removed from the oven.
How To Make the Glaze
I have omitted the sugar glaze from my recipe(pictured in this post) but if you love sugar then the glaze is the most important part of Chelsea Buns. When the buns are slightly brown remove from oven then brush with honey. This will create a sticky surface for the sugar glaze to rest on. You can use honey, apricot jam or syrup to brush the Chelsea Buns, place in the microwave for 3 seconds to achieve the right consistency then brush over the Chelsea buns.
To make the sugar glaze combine the icing sugar and water then drizzle over the Chelsea Buns once cooled. Allow the Glaze to set before serving.
South African Chelsea Buns Recipe
South African Chelsea Buns Recipe
12 mediums sized buns
1 H & 20 M
- 240g Strong Flour (Plain Flour, All Purpose, Bread Flour)
- 30g flour for dusting
- 1 teaspoon sugar
- 7 g dry yeast
- 25g butter
- 1 egg
- 75ml warm milk
- 1 tablespoon ground cinnamon
- 50 g sultanas or fruit mix
- 30g melted butter
- 1 tablespoon honey or apricot jam
- 225g icing sugar
- 3 tablespoons water
- Warm the milk in a saucepan. Remove from stove. Add the butter. Allow the butter to melt while you sift the flour and prepare dry ingredients.
- Sift the Flour. Add salt, sugar and yeast. Mix then make a well in the flour.
- Combine the butter/milk mixture with a beaten egg then pour into the flour. Combine all ingredients to make a soft dough. Knead the dough continuously for 5 minutes. Punch roll or fold the dough but do-not break apart. You need to knead the dough to achieve the soft texture of Chelsea Buns.
- Place the dough in an oiled bowl (to avoid it sticking to the bowl).
- Cover with cling wrap /plastic film then keep in a warm place for an hour.
- Preheat the oven to 180 degrees Celsius.
- Place the dough on a lightly floured surface. Roll out into a square shape.
- Once rolled. Brush with melted butter then dust with cinnamon–sprinkle with sultanas and sugar. Leave a 2cm piece of dough on the ends free to enable the roll to fold.
- Roll the dough tightly like a swiss roll
- Cut into 4cm thick slices. Place in a well-oiled pan leaving just a centimeter or two between each Chelsea bun. Cover then allow to rest for 20-30 minutes until the dough has expanded.
- Brush with milk then bake in a preheated oven for 20 minutes. Remove from oven once the Chelsea Buns are slightly brown. Apply the melted honey immediately after you take the Chelsea Buns out of the oven.
- Apply the sugar glaze when the buns have cooled.
Sat. Fat (grams)